Causes of climate change - human and natural factors A natural function of the Earth's atmosphere is to keep in some of the heat that is lost from the Earth. Subject content . Climate change: 11 facts you need to know We’re already seeing the effects of human-caused climate change — but nature can help. Even if we stopped releasing any more CO2 into the atmosphere today, the world's climate is still predicted to warm in the future. HOW IS OUR CLIMATE CHANGING? All This includes temperature, wind and rainfall patterns. The planet's average surface temperature has risen about 2.05 degrees Fahrenheit (1.14 degrees Celsius) since the late 19th century, a change driven largely by increased carbon dioxide and other human-made emissions into the atmosphere. The geography of the Middle East ... Tectonics. 1 Kensington Gore, The climate of the earth is always changing. Geography – key stage 3 2 Attainment targets By the end of key stage 3, pupils are expected to know, apply and understand the matters, skills and processes specified in the programme of study. As CO2 emissions have been rising, so has the global temperature. The main reasons for an increase in carbon emissions are a growth in population and the increase in the amount of energy people use as we own more goods, enjoy more services and travel more. Join us today, Society membership is open to anyone with a passion for geography, Royal Geographical Society These changes are due to natural causes, the effects of the sun, land, oceans and atmosphere. Source: Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, If future emissions follow the ‘business as usual’ projection, then CO2 concentration in the atmosphere will more than double over the next 100 years, If global emissions remain at current levels, concentrations would still go on rising, If global emissions were cut in half, concentrations would still increase. A Changing Climate What is Climate Change? Our individual carbon footprint measures the amount of carbon dioxide produced as we go about our everyday lives. Carry out a science investigation to develop understanding of the greenhouse effect. How do you think they will they be affected? the releasing of gasses into the Earth, overpopulation and over-usage of CO2 Before watching the clip, ask students what they think the reasons are for climate change - discuss and record their ideas. It’s never been more important to instil environmental awareness in children, and your local zoo is the perfect place to connect them to the issues affecting the world, says Holly Bestley… Before you start exploring any of the other sections of this site, fill in the questionnaire: After completing any of the units of work, fill in the form. Greenhouse gases remain in the atmosphere for long periods, and act as a 'blanket' around the earth absorbing the infra-red radiation from the earth and radiating it back to warm the lower atmosphere – the greenhouse effect. Even if we stop burning fossil fuels and cutting down forests today, the world's climate will still warm in years to come. As the global climate warms, the world’s oceans will expand, causing a rise in the average level of the sea. Development. The introduction of more CO2 by humans increases greenhouse gases and leads to more heat being trapped and global warming. Tonnes of energy use per capita. Most scientists agree that this increase is due to the burning of fossil fuels. It is measured in tonnes of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere. Plans in the new National Curriculum to provide pupils with a better understanding of all climate issues, including climate change. Weather and climate. Climate Action 5 climate change facts to scare you into action this Halloween. These models have improved over the years as knowledge of the earth’s climate system has developed and the speed and power of computers have increased. Source: International Energy Agency. PRIVACY NOTICE 11m video. This was delivered to Year 9 KS3. Lesson 4. Please note that we are currently only receiving post once a week. Issues around climate change are covered in both science and geography at Key Stage 3 (age 11-14) and Key Stage 4 (age 14-16). 4 Most of the warming occurred in the past 40 years, with the six warmest years on record taking place since 2014. . What will be the change in the amount of rainfall in the winter of 2080 where you live? With separate versions for ages 7-11 and 11-14, the activities link to a number of curricular areas including English, science and geography. A Changing Climate What is our Carbon Footprint? The largest rise in extreme sea levels may occur around the southeast coast of England, a region which has the largest changes in winds and storms. We are the learned society for geography and geographers. Show the clip and ask them to identify any new ideas that they were not aware of and discuss these during the debrief. The climate is different from the weather. Sea level will continue to rise around most of the UK’s shoreline, although the change in the level of the sea relative to the land will not be the same everywhere because much of southern Britain is sinking and much of northern Britain is rising! This is known as the “Greenhouse Effect”. Duration 04:19. In this suite of lessons, targeting young people in Key Stages 2 and 3, students will learn:-What is climate change? How do we know the amount of CO2 that we are responsible for so that we can take steps to reduce it? Key Stage 3, Geography Climate change. Some resources have been adapted from various powerpoints. Scientists model a range of future possible climates using different scenarios. (Source: Carbon Trust). 2% is released by the UK. 11 Lessons. What causes climate change? Geography This resource supports students to undertake a geographical enquiry into climate change to investigate key processes in weather and climate and to identify key changes that have occurred since the Ice Age. Here is an entire Scheme / Unit of work for a Climate Change topic in Geography. Description. Without this effect the earth’s temperature would be 20 to 30°C colder and less suitable for life. 17m video. If possible, please phone or email us instead. By placing a booking, you are permitting us to store and use your (and any other attendees) details in order to fulfil the booking. • satellites measure temperature changes in the lower atmosphere (troposphere). Climate change. Which is likely to be affected the least? Compare carbon footprints. World of work. HIRE OUR VENUE All of the ten warmest years on record since 1861 have occurred since the beginning of the 1990s. They can give us a reliable guide to future climate change although some uncertainty remains. How do scientists know that greenhouse gases, such as CO2 are increasing? In Climate Change & Animals, students will explore the impact of the changing climate on animals across the world through the lens of work carried out by ZSL's own scientists.Following a self-led investigation of real results collected by scientists in ZSL's Institute of Zoology, students are empowered to make a difference through a discussion of what they can do to reduce their impact. The clip also includes a look at how changes in albedo and increased urbanisation have influenced global temperatures. Year Published: 2015 Climate change: evaluating your local and regional water resources. GCSE Geography - 16. What evidence do we have to show that the climate is changing? As well as mitigating against our carbon emissions, we need to adapt to a changing climate, from the buildings we live and work in, to the way we travel, to where we go on holiday, to the plants and flowers we grow in the garden and the food we buy in the shops. What do we do that causes CO2 to be released into the atmosphere? SITE MAP, Cookies on the RGS website In 2004, CO2 made up 85% of the UK’s greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere. Evidence that carbon emissions have increased over the years are measured through air trapped in ancient ice cores in Antarctica and Greenland. We’re already seeing the effects of climate change, but thankfully, the planet is equipped with a powerful tool for stabilizing the climate: nature itself. How are humans causing climate change? This includes temperature, wind and rainfall patterns. First, download the maps, then look at the questions below: What will be the change in temperature in the summer of 2080 where you live? Together, the 25 countries with the largest emissions account for around 83% of world emissions. Compare the map of energy use per capita with the table of the world’s biggest emitters of CO2. It is the average weather we experience over a long period of time. The science Key Stage 3 curriculum includes: “the production of carbon dioxide by human activity and the impact on climate”. 1. The data shows the Earth is warming and it's up to us to make the changes necessary for a healthier planet. Carbon dioxide occurs in the atmosphere naturally. 10 Lessons. OK, Back to Climate change resources: Key Stage Three, A Changing Climate What is Climate Change? Key Stage 3, Geography Units: Map skills. These show a gradual rise from 1800 – the beginning of the Industrial Revolution and the burning of fossil fuels in power stations, factories and cars. All resources have been attached. The climate is different from the weather. A look at climate change over a range of timescales. (with the Institute of British Geographers), Climate change resources for Key Stage Three (ages 11 - 14). It is extreme sea levels – as experienced during storm surges – that cause most coastal damage. KS3 Geography - the use of natural resources and how the climate has changed. Lesson 3. There could also be a longer growing season for crops for farmers. Most scientists now agree that it is humans that are causing higher levels of CO2 to be released into the atmosphere. Join the World’s Largest Environmental Movement! A look at climate change over a range of timescales. 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