The Badíʻ calendar used in the Baháʼí Faith is a solar calendar consisting of 19 months and 4-5 Intercalary Days, with new year at the northern spring equinox.Each month is named after virtues (e.g. To help you, here’s our 2020 interfaith calendar, and inclusive religious calendar of holy days. The Baháʼí Faith is described in reliable sources as a 'religion', 'sect'. [28] These include the Seven Valleys and the Four Valleys. These Divine Educators are often referred to as the “Twin Manifestations of God” because of their dual roles in establishing the Bahá’í Faith in the 19th century. [148] In the late 1970s the Shah's regime consistently lost legitimacy due to criticism that it was pro-Western. [134] Educational projects include schools, which range from village tutorial schools to large secondary schools, and some universities. Without documents, they could not be employed, educated, treated in hospitals, travel outside of the country, or vote, among other hardships. Religious Organization. Some measure of divine guidance is assumed for all of these texts. [82], Since 1963, the Universal House of Justice has been the elected head of the Baháʼí Faith. [45][46] The list is not authoritative and a variety of such lists circulate. This major religious holidays calendar and list of world religious festivals is compiled from a list of all events – as well as inclusion tips, diet restrictions and more – you’ll find in our interactive Electronic Diversity Calendar. [176] Following a protracted legal process culminating in a court ruling favorable to the Baháʼís, the interior minister of Egypt released a decree on 14 April 2009, amending the law to allow Egyptians who are not Muslim, Christian, or Jewish to obtain identification documents that list a dash in place of one of the three recognized religions. It also includes a graphical representation of where in this period a given date is. [80] In 1953, he launched the first international plan, the Ten Year World Crusade. [67], On the evening of 22 May 1844, Siyyid ʻAlí-Muhammad of Shiraz gained his first convert and took on the title of "the Báb" (الباب "the Gate"), referring to his later claim to the status of Mahdi of Shiʻa Islam. According to The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2004: The majority of Baháʼís live in Asia (3.6 million), Africa (1.8 million), and Latin America (900,000). [50] The dozen or so attempts at schism[52] have all either become extinct or remained extremely small, numbering a few hundred collectively. [50][51][52] The Universal House of Justice is the final authority to resolve any disagreements among Baháʼís, and within this framework no individual follower may propose 'inspired' or 'authoritative' interpretations of scripture. In Brookshaw & Fazel, eds. Buddhist The Buddhist Calendars are a set of lunisolar [11] Starting in the twentieth century, in addition to repression aimed at individual Baháʼís, centrally directed campaigns that targeted the entire Baháʼí community and its institutions were initiated. Shoghi Effendi served for 36 years as the head of the religion until his death. A list of frequently asked questions is here. Baháʼís annually elect local, regional, and national Spiritual Assemblies that govern the religion's affairs. It has a unique system of nineteen months, each made up of nineteen days. [144] When the Báb started attracting a large following, the clergy hoped to stop the movement from spreading by stating that its followers were enemies of God. DATES THROUGH 2064 ARE OFFICIAL AND PROVIDED BY THE BAHÁ’Í WORLD CENTRE AS OF 11 DECEMBER 2014. Nov 2019, Keynote Lecture . Baháʼís should make a 19% voluntary payment on any wealth in excess of what is necessary to live comfortably, after the remittance of any outstanding debt. The Lesser Covenant is viewed as an agreement between a Messenger of God and his followers and includes social practices and the continuation of authority in the religion. Bahá’í Reference Library » The Bahá’í Reference Library is the authoritative online source of Bahá’í writings. The observance of personal laws, such as prayer or fasting, is the sole responsibility of the individual. Additionally notes taken of a number of his talks were published in various volumes like Paris Talks during his journeys to the West. [71] He died there in 1892. NOTE: As of C.E. The year consists of 19 months, each having 19 days, with four or five intercalary days, to make a full solar year. [115], The purpose of marriage in the Baháʼí faith is mainly to foster spiritual harmony, fellowship and unity between a man and a woman and to provide a stable and loving environment for the rearing of children. 2, United Nations Development Fund for Women, United Nations Economic and Social Council, United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Political Non-involvement and Obedience to Government – A compilation of some of the Messages of the Guardian and the Universal House of Justice, Principles of the Baháʼí Faith & 26 March 2006, Universal House of Justice & September 2002, "Shoghi Effendi, 61, Baha'i Faith Leader", Universal House of Justice & 17 January 2003, Universal House of Justice & 21 April 2010, Association of Religion Data Archives 2010, International Federation of Human Rights & August 2003, "Lights of Guidance/Administrative Rights, Sanctions, Dissimulation - Bahaiworks, a library of works about the Bahá'í Faith", Baháʼí Office of Social and Economic Development 2018, Baháʼí International Community & 6 June 2000, Baháʼí World News Service & 8 September 2000, International Religious Freedom Report 2013, Ominous wave of Yemen arrests raises alarm, Archives of Bahá'í Persecution in Iran: Historical Overview, Iran Human Rights Documentation Center 2007, Netherlands Institute of Human Rights & 8 March 2006, "Woman Expelled From Iranian University Just Before Obtaining Degree Because She's Baha'i", Iran Human Rights Documentation Center 2008b, Iran Human Rights Documentation Center 2008, Baháʼí World News Service & 17 April 2009, Baháʼí World News Service & 14 August 2009, "History of Baháʼí Educational Efforts in Iran", "The eschatology of Globalization: The multiple-messiahship of Bahā'u'llāh revisited", "Global Religious Populations, 1910–2010", "Worldwide Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-2010", "Global statistics for all religions: 2001 AD", "The Specter of Ideological Genocide: The Baháʼís of Iran", "Estimating the Religious Composition of All Nations: An Empirical Assessment of the World Christian Database", Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, "Education of women and socio-economic development", "Conspiracies and Forgeries: the attack upon the Baha'i community in Iran", "The Baha'i Faith 1957–1988: A Survey of Contemporary Developments", "Numbers and Classifications of Sacred Writings & Texts", "The Economist explains: The Bahai faith", "History of Active Cooperation with the United Nations", "First identification cards issued to Egyptian Baháʼís using a "dash" instead of religion", "Egypt officially changes rules for ID cards", "Plans to build new Houses of Worship announced", "Trial underway for Baha'i leaders in Iran", "Sentences for Iran's Baha'i leaders reportedly reduced", "A Trial in Tehran: Their Only 'Crime' – Their Faith", "IHRDC Condemns the Arrest of Leading Baháʼís", "Court sentences leaders of Bahai faith to 20 years in prison", "Iran Baha'i Leaders Scheduled in Court on Election Anniversary", "Date set for second court session for seven Baha'is in Iran", "Nine-Pointed Star, The:History and Symbolism by Universal House of Justice 1999-01-24", "Baháʼí United Nations Representative Addresses World Leaders at the Millennium Summit", "Dismay at lack of human rights resolution on Iran as persecution worsens", "The List: The World's Fastest-Growing Religions", "Discrimination against religious minorities in Iran", "International Religious Freedom Report for 2013", "A Faith Denied: The Persecution of the Baha'is of Iran", "For the Betterment of the World: The Worldwide Baháʼí Community's Approach to Social and Economic Development", "Special Rapporteur on Freedom of religion or belief concerned about treatment of followers of Baháʼí Faith in Iran", "A Discussion with Farida Vahedi, Executive Director of the Department of External Affairs, National Spiritual Assembly of the Baháʼís of India", The Bahá'ís: Contributing to an Emerging Global Civilization, New religious movements and right wing politics, INFORM (Information Network Focus on Religious Movements), Academic study of new religious movements,áʼí_Faith&oldid=1002411000, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Báb declares his mission in Shiraz, Iran, The Báb is publicly executed in Tabriz, Iran, Baháʼu'lláh is imprisoned and forced into exile. The Hidden Words is another book written by Baháʼu'lláh during the same period, containing 153 short passages in which Baháʼu'lláh claims to have taken the basic essence of certain spiritual truths and written them in brief form. The Báb himself was imprisoned and eventually executed in 1850. The Baha'i Faith: A Guide for the Perplexed. He produced over 18,000 works in his lifetime, in both Arabic and Persian, of which only 8% have been translated into English. [130], Since its inception the Baháʼí Faith has had involvement in socio-economic development beginning by giving greater freedom to women,[132] promulgating the promotion of female education as a priority concern,[133] and that involvement was given practical expression by creating schools, agricultural co-ops, and clinics. Therefore, human understanding of God is achieved through his revelations via his Manifestations. 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